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Friday, March 15, 2013

Types of dental implants

Dental implant is an artificial tooth root replacement that is typically made from a mixture of titanium. In the past 15-odd years, knowledge of the implants and their recommending greatly increased. The great success of the percentage of acceptance of implants (90%) by the bone due to the biological process is called Bio-integration by which bone heals around the implant surface.
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The implant is commonly made of bio-compatible metal called titanium. After the implant has healed bone can act as artificial tooth root which holds, or will serve as a support for the dental bridge (more teeth with multiple implants).
Cylindrical implants

Types of implants

There are many types of implants, but the four most popular:

  • Cylindrical 
  • Mini 
  • Blade 
  • Subperiosteal


Cylindrical implants

Cylindrical implants are the most widely used implants than any other because of the technique that is used for their installation. Their setting procedure is as follows:
The place is treated with anesthetic and than an incision is made, to reveal bone in which you place the implant. Bone is prepared with special instruments that allow a good connection when you place the implant in the bone. After placing, the implant is covered and performed palate needle. Stitches of sewing are removed after a period of one week. Implants remain covered in a period of three to eight months, after which time recheck revealed and fused to the bone, whereby if you are connected accessory that holds the tooth.

Mini implants

Mini implants are smaller and thinner versions of the cylindrical implants which were originally developed for the temporary support of dental work until they heal regular implants. Today, they are used for longer periods of use, but only as a replacement for the very small front teeth.

Blade implants

Blade implants are used in those cases where the bone is not wide enough to accommodate cylindrical implants. Bone is prepared in such a way that instead of a round hole makes flat hole. Most are used in the lower jaw.

Subperiosteal implants

Subperiosteal implants are used in those cases where the individual has lost a large percentage of the bone and there is enough room to make flat or round clip. It’s used always in the lower jaw. With incision shows a larger area of bone and takes the imprint of the same. Can be used and CT scans and computer modeling of the jaw if the patient wants to avoid surgical sampling footprint. The implant is made in laboratories and consists of a metal plate that is placed under the gum tissue over the bone during the second operation for approximately one month after the first. The implant is used only in the lower jaw.

Implant to replace a single tooth

Any individual who has lost a tooth, you can put a dental implant. The biggest hurdle to make it represent the amount of bone in the area where you need to put implant, but even if there is not enough bone, it can surgically be increased.

Lifespan of the implants

Studies show that implants last for many years. Their usefulness depends on several factors, including the level of oral hygiene in the mouth, regular checkups with your dentist, who underwent implant forces during meals etc... Dental implants cannot get cavities, but the bacteria in your mouth have an impact on them as they have on every natural tooth and if not cleaned, bacteria can lead to the loss of the bone that holds the implant that can be followed and its loss.

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